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ASSESSING THE VARIABILITY OF INDIRECT TAX ELASTICITY IN GREECE

 

Athanasios O. Tagkalakis

Bank of Greece

 

Abstract

This paper shows that the variability of indirect tax elasticity relative to GDP has increased significantly in recent years in Greece. Based on this finding we show that the budgetary sensitivity of indirect taxes following a 1% change in real GDP has increased dramatically since 2010. This finding has substantial policy implications; failure to account for these higher elasticities will lead to recurrent revenue shortfalls requiring new policy measure to meet previously set fiscal targets. This could lead to a downward spiral of continuously declining economic activity, new revenue shortfalls and additional fiscal measures and so on.

 

JEL classification: C32; E32; H20; O52

Keywords: indirect taxes; elasticity; GDP; Greece

 

Acknowledgements: I would like to thank the John P. Conley, Heather Gibson and two anonymous reviewers, as well as Fragiskos Archontakis, Panagiotis Konstantinou, Dimitris Malliaropulos and Basileios Manesiotis for very helpful comments and suggestions. The views expressed in the paper are mine and do not necessarily reflect those of the Bank of Greece. All remaining errors are mine.

 

 

Correspondence:

Athanasios O. Tagkalakis

Bank of Greece,

21, El. Venizelos Ave.

10250 Athens, Greece

Tel.:0030-210-3202442

Fax: 0030-210-3232025

Email: atagkalakis@bankofgreece.gr

 


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