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WHO EXPORTS HIGH-QUALITY PRODUCTS? SOME EMPIRICAL REGULARITIES FROM GREEK EXPORTING FIRMS

 

 

Sarantis Kalyvitis

Athens University of Economics and Business

 

 

Abstract

This study assesses the quality of Greek exports and links the estimates with exporters’ characteristics. Export quality in manufacturing is estimated to have fallen by 1% per year on average for the period 1998-2010, but recovered in 2011 and 2012 when export quality displayed a cumulative rise of 25.7%, yielding a cumulative rise of 9.2% for the entire period 1998-2012. Export quality in agriculture displays a slightly upward trend with the average annual rise over the period 1998-2012 amounting to 1.6%. Linking the quality estimates at the product level with exporting firms in the manufacturing sector shows that higher product quality is associated with firms that have a higher share of their wage bill paid to skilled workers. This positive relationship stems from firms with higher skilled to unskilled employment ratios, rather than higher wage skill premia, and is more pronounced in large and rich destinations.

 

 

Keywords: international trade, firm exporting, product quality

 

JEL classification: F14, L15, L25, J31.

 

 

Acknowledgements: Financial support by the Bank of Greece (ΕΡ-2238-01) is acknowledged. I thank Heather Gibson, Dimitris Malliaropoulos, and seminar participants at the Bank of Greece for useful comments and suggestions. I would also like to thank Eirini Thomaidou and Evi Zervoudi for excellent research assistance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Correspondence:

Sarantis Kalyvitis

Athens University of Economics and Business

Patision Str. 76,

Athens 10434 Greece

e-mail: skalyvitis@aueb.gr

 


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