This section provides monthly data from 1995 onwards on the issues of debt securities and listed shares by domestic residents, both on the Greek and on foreign capital markets.
The data are broken down by issuer sector and by instrument type (fixed-rate/floating-rate debt securities, short-term/long-term debt securities, listed shares). The statistics relate to gross issuances, redemptions and outstanding amounts.
Data on debt securities refer to face value, whereas data on listed shares refer to market value.
The data are presented separately for the following periods: Jan. 1995 – Dec. 2000, Jan. 2001 – Apr. 2022, Dec. 2020 onwards.
For the period Dec. 2020 onwards, data are based on the new production methodology described in Guideline (EU) 2022/25 of the European Central Bank of 19 May 2022 on the Centralised Securities Database and the production of securities issues statistics (ECB/2022/25). For earlier periods, the data sources are: for Greek government bonds, the Greek Ministry of Finance; for shares issued by Athex-listed companies, the Athens Exchange; and for bank bonds, the relevant annex to the monthly balance sheets that credit institutions are required to submit to the Bank of Greece in accordance with the applicable Bank of Greece Governor’s Acts.
Data in Greek drachmas for the period prior to 2001 (i.e. before Greece joined the euro area) have been converted to euro using the rule adopted by the ECB. Specifically, for the period from 1.1.1999 to 31.12.2000 (when Greece was not yet a euro area country), the conversion is based on the EUR/drachma exchange rate prevailing on the reference date. For the period before 1.1.1999, the conversion is based on the fixed exchange rate of 31.12.1998, i.e. 1 euro = 329.689 drachmas.