Unlike euro banknotes that come in uniform appearance, euro coins have only one common side across the euro area countries. The designs for the reverse side were selected by competent bodies in each country. Euro coins can be used in all euro area countries, irrespective of their national side design.
There are eight euro coin denominations:
- 1 cent;
- 2 cents;
- 5 cents;
- 10 cents;
- 20 cents;
- 50 cents;
- 1 euro; and
- 2 euro.
One euro is divided into 100 cents.
Special features have been incorporated in order to facilitate blind and partially sighted persons.
The national side of euro coins
The designs for the national side of Greek coins were selected in May 2000 by the Minister of National Economy and the Governor of the Bank of Greece, from a set of proposals presented by a national technical and artistic committee and the Monetary Policy Council.
The national sides of the 8 Greek coins were created by Georgios Stamatopoulos, sculptor of the Bank of Greece Printing Works (IETA)
The common side of euro coins
A competition was launched for the common side of euro coins at European level. The winning series were designed by Luc Luycx of the Royal Belgian Mint. The Amsterdam European Council of 16 June 1997 endorsed and published the selected designs.
On 7 June 2005, the European Council decided that the common sides of 10-, 20- and 50-cent and €1 and €2 coins, which depicted the European Union before its enlargement from 15 to 25 Member States on 1 May 2004, must change in order to represent all Member States of the European Union.
Member States have been gradually using the new common sides since 2007. The new Member States that adopted the euro after 2007 (Slovakia, Cyprus and Malta) minted coins with the new common sides.
1-, 2- and 5-cent coins show the denomination, the inscription "EURO CENT", six lines and twelve stars near the edge of the lines. The middle part of the lines shows Europe in relief in relation to Africa and Asia on a globe.
10-, 20- and 50-cent coins show the denomination, the inscription "EURO CENT", six vertical straight lines and twelve stars near the edge of each line. The upper middle part of the lines shows either the European Union with the 15 Member States before the enlargement of 1 May 2004 or a geographical image of Europe as of 1 January 2007.
€1 and €2 coins show the denomination, the inscription "EURO", six vertical lines and twelve stars near the edge of each line. The right part shows either the European Union before the enlargement of 1 May 2004 or a geographical image of Europe as of 1 January 2007.
For the national sides of euro coins from other Member States, click here.