Historical Archives

The Historical Archives is a Section of the Centre for Culture, Research and Documentation, housed at the Bank’s Head Office.

It is one of the most important bank archives in Greece; its collections chronicle the establishment and work of the central bank, but also highlight its overall contribution to the economic, monetary, political and social history of the modern Greek nation.

The content of the Historical Archives extends as far back as the Bank’s establishment in 1928 and is of great historical value. A key concern is to curate for permanent preservation rare and valuable archival material that documents the mission, policies and broader economic and social impact of the Bank of Greece.

Tasks

The tasks of the Historical Archives are the following:

  • appraisal, acquisition and management (classification, cataloguing, processing, documentation, and development of search tools) of archival material from the records of the Bank and its Administration that has enduring historical, evidential, legal or administrative value;
  • information assurance and protection of original records in the Bank’s collections;
  • constant enrichment of the Bank’s archival collections;
  • the use of a specialised state-of-the-art information technology system for the management of the archival collections;
  • production of high-quality digital or photographic copies of original material;
  • making historical resources available to researchers and the general public;
  • archival/historical research and studies;
  • cooperation, partnerships and networking with relevant institutions within and outside Greece.

Archive categories

The Historical Archives comprises the following categories:

  • Bank of Greece records, including decisions of the Administration and material related to the Bank's activities, operations and tasks;
  • personal archives of past Governors and Deputy Governors, including those of Emmanuel Tsouderos, Kyriakos Varvaressos, Georgios Mantzavinos, Xenophon Zolotas and Ioannis Pesmazoglou;
  • third-party archives associated with the Bank's history and acquired mostly by way of donation;
  • a photographic and audiovisual archive relevant to the Bank’s history.

Archival material

The archival material that is available to researchers includes the following:

The Emmanuel Tsouderos Archive (1880-1947)

Emmanuel Tsouderos served as deputy governor and governor of the Bank of Greece, having previously been deputy governor of the National Bank of Greece. He also served as government minister and prime minister.

Emmanuel Tsouderos served as deputy governor and governor of the Bank of Greece, having previously been deputy governor of the National Bank of Greece. He also served as government minister and prime minister. His archive contains documents relating to the negotiations for the establishment and management of the Bank of Greece, economic and monetary issues, war debt, the Refugee Settlement Committee, Greece’s public debt, International Financial Control, and the activities of the Greek government in exile during the Occupation. It also contains correspondence between Tsouderos and Greek and foreign institutions and officials, memos to the government, and newspaper clippings.

Index of the Emmanuel Tsouderos Archive

The Kyriakos Varvaressos Archive (1908-1956)

Kyriakos Varvaressos was deputy governor and governor of the Bank of Greece, university professor and government minister.

Kyriakos Varvaressos was deputy governor and governor of the Bank of Greece, university professor and government minister. In 1936, he was elected to the Academy of Athens. His archive contains material from his activity as governor of the Bank of Greece and as Chief Economist at the World Bank, in particular concerning issues such as the war economy, the UNRRA, the economic reconstruction of Greece (monetary/economic issues), the World Bank. It also contains publications, research and academic work, newspaper clippings, and correspondence with institutions and officials.

Index of the Kyriakos Varvaressos Archive

The Xenophon Zolotas Archive (1904-2004)

The archive contains material relevant to Zolotas’ multifaceted activity as Governor of the Bank of Greece, university professor, academician, government minister and prime minister.

The archive contains material relevant to Zolotas’ multifaceted activity as Governor of the Bank of Greece, university professor, academician, government minister and prime minister. Specifically, it contains his correspondence with institutions and officials in Greece and abroad, memos to the successive Greek governments, recommendations on economic and monetary issues, the operation of the Bank of Greece, and Greece’s accession to the EEC, documents  relating to his involvement in international organisations and governments, his nomination for the Nobel Prize, articles he wrote for the Greek and international press, as well as personal documents and belongings, and awards and decorations.

Index of the Xenophon Zolotas Archive

The Georgios Mantzavinos Archive (1906-1955)

Georgios Mantzavinos served as deputy governor and governor of the Bank of Greece and as government minister.

Georgios Mantzavinos served as deputy governor and governor of the Bank of Greece and as government minister. His archive contains material on economic and monetary issues, Greece’s public debt, the Bank of Greece, the country’s economic restructuring, the Refugee Settlement Committee, the period of the Occupation, and the Greek government in exile. It also contains correspondence between Mantzavinos and institutions and officials in Greece and abroad.

Index of the Georgios Mantzavinos Archive

The Ioannis Pesmazoglou Archive (1918-2003)

The archive contains material about Ioannis Pesmazoglou’s career as Director General at the Ministry of Coordination, as economic adviser and later as deputy governor of the Bank of Greece and Minister of Finance.

The archive contains material about Ioannis Pesmazoglou’s career as Director General at the Ministry of Coordination, as economic adviser and later as deputy governor of the Bank of Greece and Minister of Finance. It also contains archive material from his participation in the negotiations between Greece and the EEC, his academic career, his resistance to the military dictatorship, and his political activity in Greece and as a member of the European Parliament. Additions have been made to the archive after his death, including documents from the archive of his father, Stefanos I. Pesmazoglou. The material consists of documents, correspondence, notes and writings by Ioannis Pesmazoglou, as well as speeches, newspaper and magazine clippings, official publications of European institutions, photographs, and audiovisual material.

Index of the Ioannis Pesmazoglou Archive

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